This activity is part of a larger unit on the enlightenment’s influence on the american revolution through this activity, students will delve into some of the revolutionary documents and consider the ideas of “authority” and “power” from the perspectives of those who had such a great stake in america’s revolutionary struggle. French absolutism and the french revolution essay french absolutism and the french revolution during the period between 1589 through 1783, the french monarchy had risen to its height of absolute power and then was destroyed by the french revolution. The ideas of the enlightenment influenced the french revolution as they had in the american revolution some 13 years earlier the ideas of john locke, jean-jacques rousseau, and voltaire. This presentation will show the connection between the ideas of the enlightenment philosophers and the establishment of the united states as an independent nation as well as the french revolution and its bloody attempt at a pure republic. Enlightenment ideas inspired the american and french revolutions the american and french revolutions were both fundamentally based on the enlightenment ideas the main ideas that they followed were by john locke.
Here are notes on the the enlightenment & the french revolution 1) what is really important about the scientific revolution is that you understand that with this rethinking of heavily influenced american revolution 11) marquis de condorcet - wrote outline of the progress of the human mind (1794) especially in the french revolution b. Significant people and publications the age of enlightenment was preceded by and closely associated with the scientific revolution earlier philosophers whose work influenced the enlightenment included bacon, descartes, locke, and spinoza the major figures of the enlightenment included beccaria, diderot, hume, kant, montesquieu, rousseau, adam smith, and voltaire. What was one idea that the leaders of the american revolution shared with enlightenment thinkers the people have the right to overthrow their government if it abuses its powers natural law was a fundamental idea of the enlightenment. Enlightenment ideas about democracy, in particular the idea that government is a social contract, have become very influential as the number of democratic societies has increased.
These ideas influenced the economical, social, scientific, and political aspects of society and were a direct cause of the french revolution this new idea of government and society based upon the enlightenment ideals of democracy, citizenship, and human rights, set forward by the works of the philosophes like montesquieu, voltaire, rousseau. American enlightenment thinkers such as james madison and john adams held views that echoed and in some cases anticipated burkean conservatism, leading them to criticize the rise of revolutionary france and the popular pro-french jacobin clubs during and after the french revolution. American revolution ideas drafting the declaration of independence in 1776 the ideas of the american revolution came largely from three sources: the european enlightenment, traditional british legal and political values, and what some historians call the ‘american experience. The intellectual movement known as the enlightenment occupies an important position in the growth of western civilization how it totally affected society, especially french society is a subject of debate, from the beginning of the revolution to today.
Enlightenment ideas spread through europe and the american continent through brochures or large books the encyclopédie, coordinated by diderot and d’alembert, had 35 volumes it contained scientific and technical knowledge of the time, philosophic, political, religious and economic ideas, an analysis of society and the idea of human progress. American application of these ideas resulted in deism, republicanism and ultimately, a more democratic society thomas paine helped explain enlightenment philosophy in plain language, and benjamin. The american and french revolutions were both fundamentally based on the enlightenment ideas the main ideas that they followed were by john locke his ideas inspired the americans and the french to have a revolution.
The american enlightenment was a period of intellectual ferment in the thirteen american colonies in the 17th to 18th century, which led to the american revolution, and the creation of the american republic. What ultimately and abruptly killed the enlightenment, however, was the french revolution begun with the best intentions by french citizens inspired by enlightenment thought, the revolution attempted to implement orderly representative assemblies but quickly degraded into chaos and violence. The enlightenment the enlightenment, sometimes referred to as the age of reason, was a confluence of ideas and activities that took place throughout the eighteenth century in western europe, england, and the american colonies.
The french philosophes, who developed and wrote about enlightenment ideas, inspired the french revolution for example, montesquieu wrote in the spirit of the laws(1753) that a constitutional. The ideas of the intellectuals of the enlightenment brought new views of government and society the american revolution also influenced the coming of the french revolution. Thomas jefferson, a pivotal player in the american revolution, was clearly influenced by the enlightenment philosophers in his biography of jefferson, jerry holmes, states that jefferson received an education in the enlightenment and its thinkers at williamsburg college under professor, dr william small (holmes, 2002, p10.