Although anthrax is a relatively new weapon in the hands of modern potential bioterrorists, the threat of death from the inhalation of spores has been part of human history since antiquity. Anthrax and botulinum toxin initially were investigated for use as weapons sufficient quantities of botulinum toxin and anthrax were stockpiled by june 1944 to allow unlimited retaliation if the german forces first used biological agents. Anthrax is thought to have originated in egypt and mesopotamia many scholars think that in moses’ time, during the 10 plagues of egypt, anthrax may have caused what was known as the fifth plague, described as a sickness affecting horses, cattle, sheep, camels and oxen. Two of the major pestilences from the past are of concern as potential weapons of mass destruction smallpox, caused by the dna virus variola, was a cause of enormous devastation highly infectious, it caused approximately 30% mortality in unvaccinated subjects. However, there are a lot of challenges to overcome before this type of weapon can be used in a real-world attack let’s take a closer look at the anthrax threat and what we can do to protect ourselves from exposure if we ever face this type of scenario in the future.
-tests on the anthrax strain used in the attack pointed to a domestic source, possibly from the biological weapons program princeton, new jersey and the attack in the usa -the anthrax letters are believed to have been mailed from princeton, new jersey. Anthrax has been developed as a weapon by a number of countries in plant-eating animals, infection occurs when they eat or breathe in the spores while grazing are routinely vaccinated against anthrax prior to active service in places where biological attacks are considered a threat. Once an obscure disease, anthrax has recently received widespread publicity as a consequence of its use as a biological weapon understanding the history , unique characteristics, and pathogenesis of this disease provides insight into threats posed by the organism that causes it. Like a dirty bomb, an anthrax attack will more likely serve as a weapon of mass disruption and not a weapon of mass destruction due to the disruption and the potential for some deaths as a result of an anthrax attack, the threat against the united states does remain a significant concern.
Information on terrorism and public health provided by the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc. Research on anthrax as a biological weapon began more than 80 years ago, and today at least 17 nations are believed to have offensive biological weapons programs that include anthrax recent events in the usa have shown how society is affected by both hoax and real threats of anthrax bioweapons. South korea is facing a new threat from the north that doesn't come in the form of a bomb or missile now, anthrax, the dangerous biological weapon, is posing a threat to the country. For centuries, anthrax has caused disease in animals and, uncommonly, serious illness in humans throughout the world 2 research on anthrax as a biological weapon began more than 80 years ago 3 today, at least 17 nations are believed to have offensive biological weapons programs 4 it is uncertain how many are working with anthrax.
That was known through intelligence,” fauci told scientific american the soviets attempted to cultivate smallpox, anthrax, tularemia, botulism and hemorrhagic fevers including ebola, he says. Bioterrorism is an attractive weapon because biological agents are relatively easy and inexpensive to obtain, can be easily disseminated, the center is a branch of the centers for disease control and prevention that fights threats like anthrax and the ebola virus,. Inhalation anthrax is the most common way in which b anthracis is used as bioterrorism weapon it is very dangerous and is the fatality rate if not treated early is much higher than by either of the alternate two types of anthrax. A biological agent—also called bio-agent, biological threat agent, biological warfare agent, biological weapon, or bioweapon—is a bacterium, virus, protozoan, parasite, or fungus that can be used purposefully as a weapon in bioterrorism or biological warfare (bw.
Assessment of the threat of an anthrax attack it also contains various scenarios that demonstrate our vulnerability to an attack efforts to build an anthrax weapon and their ability to do so now the report examines the challenges terrorists face to. Anthrax as a biological weapon medical and public health management thomas v inglesby, md history of current threat for centuries, anthrax has caused dis-ease in animals and, uncommonly, se- management of anthrax used as a biological weapon 1736 jama, may 12, 1999—vol 281,. Anthrax is an infectious disease which has been developed into a potentially devastating biological weapon by a number of countries this is how anthrax develops, what causes it, what the symptoms.
Anthrax has been used as a weapon around the world for nearly a century in 2001, powdered anthrax spores were deliberately put into letters that were mailed through the us postal system twenty-two people, including 12 mail handlers, got anthrax, and five of these 22 people died. Anthrax is one of the most potential biological weapons in the world image courtesy of cdc botulinum bacteria as a bio-weapon can be distributed through aerosol or by contamination of water and food supplies.
Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium bacillus anthracisthe bacteria live in soil and usually infect wild and domestic animals, such as goats, cattle and sheep. Recently another form of anthrax, ie, injectional anthrax is also posing threats for early diagnosis and treatment however, active surveillance, proper animal immunization and awareness can help to curb the disease. the threat of anthrax as a biological weapon has become a real concern for everyone anthrax is a disease caused not by a virus, but rather by bacteriathere aren't any known cases of anthrax passing from one person to another, so it is considered to be noncontagious. Anthrax is used as a biological weapon because it is very deadly and is difficult to detect anthrax is also common in nature, there fore it is an easy bacterium to find and spread anthrax is a bacterium that affects both humans and animals.