Mencius and xunzi on human nature comparison essay by quality writers mencius and xunzi on human nature a discussion of the views of two influential chinese philosophers from the third century bc, mencius and xunzi, on human nature. Book 23, or chapter 23 of the xunzi is entitled human nature is bad and this will form the starting point of a discussion of xunzi's philosophy the essay begins with this important assertion and. Below is an essay on mencius and xunzi from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples introduction mencius and xunzi are both the successors of confucianism and persons who develop it, they put forward different theories on the common theme: theory of human nature. Xunzi stanchly argues that “human nature is evil” ( 179 ) and through essays claims that human nature’s merely “goodness derives from the witting activity” ( 179 ) hire a custom writer who has experience. Human nature has been a subject of view paper human nature has been a subject of debate amongst the classical chinese philosophers please present your understanding of this concept by focusing on one or two chinese philosophers' perspective.
In contrast, xunzi staunchly argues that “human nature is evil” (179) and through essays claims that human nature’s only “goodness derives from the conscious activity” (179) the two philosophers both use many metaphors to explain their own interpretation of human nature in different ways. Mencius judges that human nature is good because it contains the capability for moral virtue, in the form of sentiments and inclinations that can be tutored to achieve moral excellence, whereas xunzi sees in the fact that human beings need tutoring evidence for his thesis that human nature is intrinsically bad. Mencius, xunzi, hobbes, and rousseau were all political philosophers well known for their views on “human nature” i will argue in this essay that, to some degree of.
More essay examples on science rubric although a kind deed was done, despite the human nature shown in china, xunzi would respond that the street cleaner gaining a reward from her actions, would again, support his theory. In human nature and conduct, john dewey propounds the theory that all human conduct is the outcome of an interaction between elements of human nature and the environment, both natural and social (dewey, p 10. Introduction xunzi (xun qing, or xun kuang: c 310-c 219 bce) lived at the very end of the zhou dynasty like mencius, he was an advocate and interpreter of the teachings of confucius.
The mencius-xunzi debate in early confucian ethnics essay - introduction confucianism is regarded as one of the primary religions that have profoundly influenced chinese beliefs and ideologies. Therefore, in the view of human nature mencius and xunzi differ very much i disagree with mencius’ view on human nature having heard of and seen the many negative actions of humans i believe that human nature is inherently bad. Contains seventeen essays that discuss key aspects of xunzi’s thought and its interactions with different philosophical traditions although these are essays in a companion, each essay can also be read as a research article that advances debates in xunzi studies argues that xunzi’s view on human nature is not as negative as it was. Against mencius, xunzi defines human nature as what is inborn and unlearned, and then asks why education and ritual are necessary for mencius if people really are good by nature whereas mencius claims that human beings are originally good but argues for the necessity of self-cultivation, xunzi claims that human beings are originally bad but.
Essay i argue that han fei’s notion of xing, commonly translated as human nature, was not only influenced by xunzi but also that it is an important feature of his political philosophy “aus so krummem holze, als woraus der mensch gemacht ist. Xunzi was mencius’s opponent and polemicizing with him, put forward opposing views on human nature moreover, in contrast to mencius, he puts forward a thesis about a man’s evil nature and all his abilities and good qualities are a result of upbringing. In his essay “philosophy of human nature,” antonio cua argues that the term “bad” in xunzi’s statement that “human nature is bad” is to be taken in a consequential sense this goes against a common tendency to read the xunzi in what i refer to as the essentialist mode of thinking. Primary source document with questions (dbqs) selection from the xunzi: “human nature is evil” introduction xunzi (xun qing, or xun kuang: c 310-c 219 bce) lived at the very end of the zhou dynasty.
In conclusion, both xunzi and mengzi have very important ideas about human nature which, in my opinion, form the first comprehensive examples of chinese political philosophy their ideas are similar in some aspects with the ideas of hobbes and rousseau. Like hobbes, xunzi takes human nature to be bad and envisions a state of nature that, on account of human badness, is chaotic and violent and like hobbes, xunzi justifies the establishment of political authority because it the value of this essay, if any, will be in the whole rather than in the sum of its parts, in what the comparative. Xunzi (312-230 bce), the third most important confucian after confucius and mencius, more cynical and conservative than mencius, argued that human nature is essentially evil and without the rituals and tradition to hold our nature back we would be selfish and uncivilized. The major landmarks in the development of confucian philosophy itself will be considered next these include mengzi (or more commonly, in english, mencius) and xunzi, and particularly the debate between them on human nature, which is philosophically significant and also sets the stage for the subsequent unfolding of confucian philosophy.
Mencius believes that it is our nature and mind that determine what we are so, mencius believed that though all humans are innately good, the realization of that good comes with self-cultivation and self-knowledge. Human nature lacks an innate moral compass, and left to itself falls into contention and disorder, which is why xunzi characterizes human nature as bad ritual is thus an integral part of a stable society. Xunzi’s writings were no less the recipient of moral disapproval than his teaching, owing in large measure to the often-quoted essay “ man’s nature is evil” because mencius believed that human beings were innately disposed toward moral behaviour, xunzi was perceived, as the author of this essay, to be attacking his illustrious predecessor.